Lester William Polfus aka Les Paul (born June 9, 1915) will be best identified as a guitarist, and as one associated with the particular most important figures within the development of modern electric guitars and recording techniques. Les Paul can also be known as a pioneer in the development of the actual solid-body electric guitar, Multitrack Recording, as well as various reverb effects.
Paul, which was born within Waukesha, Wisconsin, very first became interested within music from the age of eight, when he began playing the harmonica. After an attempt at learning to be able to play the banjo, Paul began to play the guitar. By 13, Paul was performing semi-professionally being a country-music guitarist. At the age associated with 17, Paul played together with Rube Tronson's Cowboys. Soon following, he dropped away from higher school to join Wolverton's radio band inside St. Louis, Missouri on KMOX.
In the actual 1930s, Paul worked inside Chicago in radio, in which he performed jazz music. Paul's first 2 records were released within 1936. One album was credited to "Rhubarb Red", Paul's alter-ego, and also the other was inside the backing band regarding blues artist Georgia White.
Paul was unsatisfied by the electric guitars which were sold in the actual mid 1930s and also began experimenting along with any few designs regarding his own.
In 1938, Paul moved to New York and also landed a featured spot with Fred Waring's Pennsylvanians radio show. Paul moved to Hollywood in 1943, exactly where he formed the new trio. As the last minute replacement with regard to Oscar Moore, Paul played along with Nat King Cole and other artists in the actual inaugural "Jazz at the actual Philharmonic" concert inside Los Angeles upon July 2, 1944. Also which year, Paul's trio appeared upon Bing Crosby's radio show. Crosby went upon to sponsor Paul's recording experiments. The two also recorded together repeatedly, including a 1945 amount one hit, "It's Been a Long, Long Time." In addition to backing Crosby and also artists just like the Andrews Sisters, Paul's trio also recorded a few albums of their particular own in the late 1940s.
Inside 1941, Paul designed and built one regarding the first solid-body electric guitars (though Leo Fender additionally independently invented his own solid body electric guitar across the identical time, and Adolph Rickenbacker had marketed any solid body guitar within the 30s) Gibson produced a number of these guitars with regard to Paul, but insisted that their name be left off of the actual instrument. In later years, they would change their own mind. These days, "Gibson Les Paul" guitars are employed just about all over the world, both by novice guitarists and the world's top rock and roll artists. Les Paul solid-body guitars have been heavily used simply by artists like Eric Clapton, Jimmy Page, Paul McCartney, Phil Keaggy, Duane Allman,Mike Bloomfield and also Tom Scholz.
Inside 1947, Capitol Records released the recording that had begun since a good experiment in Paul's garage, entitled "Lover", which usually featured Paul playing eight diverse parts on electric guitar. This kind of was the very first time that multi-tracking had already been used in the recording.
Paul was injured in the near-fatal automobile accident inside January 1948 within Oklahoma, that shattered his proper arm and elbow. Paul spent a year and the half recovering. Paul instructed the actual surgeons to set his arm at an angle which would certainly allow him to cradle and pick the particular guitar.
In the particular early 1950s, Paul made a number of recordings with wife, Colleen Summers (known on record as Mary Ford). These kinds of records have been unique for their heavy use of overdubbing, which was technically impossible without Paul's inventions. Inside 1954 Paul, continued to develop this technology, simply by commissioning Ampex to build the initial eight track tape recorder, from his expense. His invention, later on known as "Sel-Sync," where a recording head can simultaneously record the new track and also play back previously recorded kinds, would additional establish the future of multi-track recording.
Within the late 1960s, Paul went in to semi-retirement, although he did return to be able to the studio occasionally in order to record with Chet Atkins yet others.
Within 1978, Les Paul as well as wife, Mary Ford, have been inducted into the Grammy Hall associated with Fame. In 1988, Paul was inducted in to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame through Jeff Beck, who said, "I've copied much more licks from Les Paul as compared to I'd like to admit."
As associated with 2004, Les Paul performs weekly in New York City. And death in 13 august 2009.